Chapter

Active Dismantling Under High Institutional Constraints? Explaining the Bush Administration’s Attempts to Weaken US Air Pollution Control Policy

Stefanie Korte and Helge Jörgens

in Dismantling Public Policy

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199656646
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746000 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656646.003.0004
Active Dismantling Under High Institutional Constraints? Explaining the Bush Administration’s Attempts to Weaken US Air Pollution Control Policy

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This chapter analyses the attempts of the Bush Administration in the United States (2001-2009) to dismantle the New Source Review (NSR), a programme to control air pollution from large and stationary sources. After a short introduction to US environmental politics, it first identifies potential drivers affecting decision makers' perceptions of dismantling costs and benefits. Attention is paid to motivational factors (i.e. economic considerations and ideology) as well as the institutional setting of environmental policy. After formulating tentative expectations regarding actors' behaviour, it describes and analyses the Bush Administration's dismantling attempts and strategies. By considering motivations, constraints, effects, and outputs it reveals how the dismantling of the NSR ultimately failed. This case study demonstrates the need to disentangle unintended and intended effects of dismantling attempts in order to identify the underlying dismantling strategies; it also suggests the need for a closer analysis of the circumstances under which institutional aspects influence actors' choice of dismantling strategies.

Keywords: policy dismantling; active dismantling; environmental policy; air policy; US politics

Chapter.  9123 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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