Chapter

Objective Practical Reasons

Joshua Gert

in Normative Bedrock

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199657544
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742217 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.003.0007
Objective Practical Reasons

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This chapter reconciles the accounts of rationality and harm of the previous two chapters with the idea that facts about harms provide objective practical reasons—reasons that make systematic contributions to the rationality of the actions to which they are relevant. This task is pressing because, on the account defended, objective reasons have an important form of agent-neutrality; everyone always has a reason to prevent harm from coming to any other person. This idea may seem hard to square with an account of harm that makes the appropriate response to a given instance of harm depend significantly on the perspective an agent takes on that instance.

Keywords: agent-neutrality; harm; objective; perspective; rationality; reasons

Chapter.  10471 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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