Chapter

Introduction

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658206
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745034 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0001
Introduction

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The introduction explores the problematic relationship between the terms ‘right’ and ‘conservative’ in France, along with the divisions among the parties that opposed the left. It proceeds through a critique of the influential interpretation of René Rémond, who charted the fortunes of three irreducible tendencies — Orleanist, Legitimist, and Bonapartist — and of the Marxist view that underlying commitment to the social order made surface divisions irrelevant. It shows that both views fail to understand the links between day-to-day politics, perceived interests, and cultural dispositions. The book argues that conservatives (the Centre, Right, and Extreme Right) shared a common culture, in which assumptions about the nature of the elite and mass were central, but used it in different ways, for different purposes, in particular contexts.

Keywords: Rémond; Orleanism; Legitimism; Marxism; conservatism; right; political culture

Chapter.  8282 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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