Chapter

Apogee and Crisis (1928–1932)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658206
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745034 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0011
Apogee and Crisis (1928–1932)

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The Centre, not the leagues, was the victor in the anti-Cartel struggle. During 1928–1932, it led a conservative majority stretching from moderate Radicals to the Fédération républicaine and JP. The Centre recaptured leadership of the movement for organization, combining managerialism with elements of the Left's social democracy (notably through enactment of social insurance), and promoted ‘organized capitalism’ in a European framework. Henri Kerillis’ Centre de propaganda des républicains nationaux attempted to formalize the centre-led coalition, using the lessons of the British Conservative Party's success. Part of the Right attacked these policies in the name of spiritual values, economic liberalism, or corporatism. Its opposition converged with peasant and middle-class dislike of the Social Insurance Act. The conservative hegemony of 1926–1932 coincided with persistence of right-wing populism., which, after 1932, would undermine parliamentary conservatism.

Keywords: Jeunesses Patriotes; CPRN; Poincaré; Fédération Républicaine; Alliance Démocratique; organization; European unity; social insurance

Chapter.  14197 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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