Chapter

Fascism in France? (1934–1940)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658206
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745034 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0012
Fascism in France? (1934–1940)

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Initially, the parliamentary and extreme right united against the Left, which had won the 1932 elections, and through the riots of 6 February 1934, they brought down the government. Once again, ordinary conservatives were disappointed with their leaders’ failure to profit from victory, and again they turned to the extreme right. A new league, the Croix de feu, promoted a ‘mystique’ designed to mobilize the masses, redefined competence to mean service in the trenches, and promised to bring a veteran elite to power, thus ‘reconciling’ the French people. This programme appealed to groups that considered themselves to be unjustly excluded from the political system: women, veterans, and Catholics. The league was part of the revival of popular politics on the Right.

Keywords: Fédération Républicaine; Alliance Démocratique; organization; Croix de Feu; La Rocque; Marin; Flandin; Laval; Fascism; Nazism

Chapter.  13865 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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