Chapter

Conservatives and the Popular Front (1936–1939)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658206
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745034 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0013
Conservatives and the Popular Front (1936–1939)

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The victory of the Popular Front in 1936 changed the context of conservative politics. The new government dissolved the leagues and created a corporatist industrial relations system, in which parliament mattered less than in the past. The Croix de feu reappeared as the Parti Social Français, which developed a three-pronged strategy. It formed its own trade unions to defend the workers within a ‘depoliticized’ corporatist system. It recruited female social workers to spread the Croix de feu mystique to the workers. And it reorganized for the electoral conquest of power. Yet the decisive role in defeating the Popular Front was played by the Radical Party, which, under Edouard Daladier, used executive rule and repression to defeat the unions and establish a new liberal version of organizationalism. However, the increasingly authoritarian right influenced government through the numerous ‘experts’ who advised it.

Keywords: Fédération Républicaine; Alliance Démocratique; organization; Croix de Feu; La Rocque; Marin; Flandin; Daladier

Chapter.  14669 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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