Chapter

The Importance of Nutrition

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

in The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658435
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742231 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0007
The Importance of Nutrition

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Nutrition plays a fundamental role in Aristotle's psychology, but not, as is sometimes thought, because it provides the focal or generic notion of life. Rather the nutritive capacity is a particularly clear example of the soul in its function as the nature of living beings. Aristotle's position contrasts with those of materialists who had used nutrition to argue that material causes were sufficient to explain life activities. He shows in DA II.4 how in nutrition the soul works as a efficient, formal, and final of life. The model status of nutrition as a final cause is demonstrated through the notion of participating in the eternal and divine.

Keywords: nutrition; materialism; nature; life; focal meaning; final cause; formal cause; efficient cause

Chapter.  6657 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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