Chapter

The Capacities in the Parts and Lives of Animals

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

in The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658435
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742231 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0015
The Capacities in the Parts and Lives of Animals

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In the biological works the capacities of the soul are considered as embodied in various species of animals. From this holistic perspective we find their operation differing in different animals. The differences are related to the four general ways in which animals differ from each other: in their lives (bioi), actions (praxeis), habits (êthê) and their parts (moria). The body (available matter, determination by environment, and other functions) is also a determining factor in how the capacities function. However, the holistic explanations of the differences between the capacities in animals rely on, rather than undermine, the definitional discreteness (‘modularity’) of the capacities, as demonstrated by the DA.

Keywords: biological works; holism; modularity; body; environment

Chapter.  6239 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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