Chapter

Externalism About Thinking

Adam Morton

in Bounded Thinking

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658534
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746192 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.003.0002
Externalism About Thinking

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Knowledge is an unelevated externalist concept appropriate to limited agents. Extending the externalist point of view to a wide range of thinking gives us a useful way of maintaining a generally normative attitude to it without comparing our performance to perfect or unlimited models. The analogue of knowledge for action and intention is accomplishment. The chapter discusses how knowledge and accomplishment may be extended to thinking in general, and consider characterizing rational thought as thought that often leads to success: knowledge or accomplishment. Examples of the kind of success-oriented evaluations that result are provided by threshold-setting, including classic cases of satisficing and rather different cases of knowing how much deliberate thought to give to a problem.

Keywords: knowledge; accomplishment; externalism; internalism; threshold; satisficing

Chapter.  13315 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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