Chapter

Dilemmas of Thinking

Adam Morton

in Bounded Thinking

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658534
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746192 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.003.0005
Dilemmas of Thinking

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There are situations in which the best strategy for a person depends on what intellectual virtues she possesses. The chapter discusses Pascal problems, where one has a motive to acquire beliefs one thinks are false, and preface problems, where one has reason to believe that specific beliefs that one holds are false. In all these cases there is equally persuasive advice leading to incompatible courses of action and thought. These include some situations in which one has beliefs that one knows to be inconsistent. The central claim is that which course of thinking is best for a particular person depends on her profile of intellectual virtues. This claim suggests that whether one virtue is to be recommended to someone depends on what other virtues she already possesses, an idea that the chapter elaborates by suggesting a taxonomy of virtues together with an ordering in which virtues of different kinds apply.

Keywords: epistemic paradox; epistemic dilemma; Pascal; preface paradox; lottery paradox

Chapter.  11528 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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