Chapter

Rationality and Intelligence

Adam Morton

in Bounded Thinking

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199658534
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746192 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.003.0006
Rationality and Intelligence

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Rationality and intelligence are cruder concepts than philosophers and psychologists often think, often unhelpful and in fact misleading when we try to use them to make judgements about who we can work with and what tasks to trust a person with. The idea that general intelligence lies behind most of our successes comes from taking thinking to be inference, and misconstruing it as the ability to make and follow complicated inferences. Rationality is misconstrued as the disposition to make correct inferences. But even deductive reasoning does not consist of rule-governed inference, let alone practical reasoning. Most of the factors that dispose us to thinking well or badly are not matters of correct inference. These include virtues of limitation-management, which are not supported by norms. The chapter ends with a plea for an intellectual culture that is centred on norms of encouraged limitation-management.

Keywords: intelligence; rationality; inference; Bayesian; Weirich; probability; utility

Chapter.  12402 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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