Chapter

New Light on China’s Rural Elites

Björn Anders Gustafsson and Sai Ding

in The Role of Elites in Economic Development

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199659036
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191749032 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659036.003.0007

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

New Light on China’s Rural Elites

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This chapter analyses political elites, economic elites, hybrid elite households, and non-elite households in rural China, using household data for 1995 and 2002. The probability of becoming an economic elite is linked to the age of the head of household and to the income level of the county, indicating that opportunities to become an economic elite have increased over time, but in a spatially uneven way. Disparities in household per capita income are investigated as well as in household per capita wealth. In the Asia market transition theory, it is found that the relationship between education and the household’s economic status became stronger from 1995 to 2002. This theory also predicts that payoffs from belonging to the political elite decrease during transition towards market economy.

Keywords: China; elites; household; Asia market transition theory; market economy

Chapter.  14286 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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