Chapter

Cultural Integration in Spain

Sara de la Rica and Francesc Ortega

in Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660094
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748936 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660094.003.0005

Series: Studies of Policy Reform


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This chapter compares the economic and cultural gaps of the largest foreign-born ethnic minorities in Spain: Latinos, Eastern Europeans, and Moroccans. The chapter focuses on several outcomes: the gender education gap, early marriage, inter-ethnic marriage, fertility, female employment, command of Spanish, and social participation. The results suggest that Latinos are the group with patterns of behaviour closest to those of natives, followed by Eastern Europeans. In several dimensions, such as the marriage penalty for females, Moroccans are the groups with largest gaps relative to natives. Our results also show large improvements in the educational attainment of younger Moroccan cohorts, which is an important determinant of the outcomes that have been analysed. Finally, the chapter notes that even though employment rates of immigrants tend to be higher than those of natives, immigrants are much more likely to be employed in low- paying occupations.

Keywords: immigration; cultural gaps; ethnicity; assimilation; integration; Spain

Chapter.  8350 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics ; International Economics

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