Chapter

Possession in Martuthunira

Alan Dench

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660223
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745096 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0005

Series: Explorations in Linguistic Typology

Possession in Martuthunira

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This chapter offers a comprehensive analysis of expression of possession and of ownership in Martuthunira, an extinct Australian language, formerly spoken in the Plibara region of Northern Australia. Pertensive, proprietive are employed to express possessive relationships. Genitive is used for some types of possession, and some kinship relations. Privative is a way of marking negative possession. Part-whole relationship is coded by simple apposition. There are no verbs of possession: possession can be coded through verbs meaning ‘grab’, ‘catch’ and ‘hold’. The patterns of distribution of possessive marking in Martuthunira reflect the importance of kin relationships. There is a strong cultural distinction between close, or ‘dear’, kin, and more distantly related relatives. The ‘dear’ kin stand in contrast to the wider network of more distant classificatory kin in terms of their linguistic marking, and societal status.

Keywords: Australian languages; Martuthunira; kinship relations; classificatory kinship; genitive; pertensive; privative; part-whole

Chapter.  7548 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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