Chapter

Possession in Hone<sup>1</sup>

Anne Storch

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660223
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745096 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0009

Series: Explorations in Linguistic Typology

Possession in Hone1

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Hone is a Jukunoid (Benue-Congo) language spoken in north-eastern Nigeria. This chapter provides a comprehensive analysis of the grammar of possession in Hone, with a special focus on the semantics of possessors and possessees. The chapter focuses on possessive pronouns (which may also have a mirative meaning), juxtaposition and genitive constructions. Verbs with the meaning 'acquire', 'take' and 'get' can be used in predicative possessive constructions. Another technique of marking predicative possession involves copulas. Hone has a number of items which never occur in possessive constructions, due to cultural stereotypes reflected in the language. These involve taboo words, and any reference of body effluvia of adult men. The impact of language contact with the dominant Hausa (a Chadic language) can be seen in the expansion of copula constructions used for predicative possession.

Keywords: Jukun; Benue-Congo; African languages; taboo; juxtaposition; possession; part-whole; copula; language contact; Chadic languages; Hausa

Chapter.  5540 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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