Possession in Wandala

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660223
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745096 | DOI:

Series: Explorations in Linguistic Typology

Possession in Wandala

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In the domain of modification by nouns or pronouns, Wandala (Central Chadic) makes a distinction between two subdomains: the modification of inherently relational noun and the modification of all other nouns and other lexical categories. The two subdomains subsume all of the semantic relations listed under the label ‘Possessive constructions’ in Dixon 2010. Neither subdomain codes possessive modification as it is understood in traditional linguistic terminology (Matthews 1997 and chapter 1 of the present volume). The language does, however, have a domain of possessive predication that is distinct from all other predications in the language. Though the possessive predication has the form ‘[be] with X’, it is distinct from the predication of co-existence. Possessive predication can also be realized through affirmative and negative existential predications.

Keywords: possession; modification; Chadic languages; Wandala; kinship nouns; relational nouns

Chapter.  5260 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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