Chapter

Hungary

László Csaba

in Development Success

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660704
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748943 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660704.003.0012

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Hungary

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This chapter offers a broad overview of the Hungarian development strategy over the past two decades. Combining historical and functional analysis, some major strengths and weaknesses are identified, with special emphasis on the country's open-door policies and the role played by the European Union. The chapter investigates why the impetus of institutional and financial integration was lost by about 2004 when policy drifting took over the role of strategies. Some ideas on how to remedy the situation are being offered. Paradoxically, the Hungarian success and failure both testify to the relevance of a neo-institutionalist/political economy approach to sustainable development. It also examines the limitations of external anchoring by the EU as well as of the spontaneous bottom-up evolution of institutions when policy drifting continues

Keywords: structural reform; sustainability; EU accession; regulation; FDI; trust

Chapter.  9657 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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