Chapter

Resisting Uniformity 1660–1664

Stephen Bardle

in The Literary Underground in the 1660s

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660858
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191749001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660858.003.0002

Series: Oxford English Monographs

Resisting Uniformity 1660–1664

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The opening chapter surveys the literary underground's attempt to frustrate the passing and then enforcement of religious Uniformity in the opening four years of the Restoration. The first section surveys George Wither's indefatigable activity as imprisoned pamphleteer, and includes a rare analysis of Wither's unpublished poem ‘Vox Vulgi’, which attacks the Cavalier Parliament. The second section introduces the radical anticlerical pamphleteer Ralph Wallis, and includes a close reading of his Restoration satires and demonstrates their indebtedness to the Marprelate tradition. The third section centres on Andrew Marvell and identifies early signs of the Hull MP's disenchantment with Charles II's regime. Marvell wrote speeches for the earl of Carlisle's embassy to Russia, and it is argued that these speeches give an insight into Marvell's support for a moderate version of monarchy heavily indebted to the vision outlined by Charles in the ‘Declaration of Breda’.

Keywords: Cavalier Parliament; Marprelate; declaration of breda; uniformity; public sphere; Wither; Wallis; Marvell

Chapter.  29490 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800)

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