Chapter

The Second Conventicle Act 1667–1670

Stephen Bardle

in The Literary Underground in the 1660s

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660858
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191749001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660858.003.0004

Series: Oxford English Monographs

The Second Conventicle Act 1667–1670

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The fall of the earl of Clarendon as a result of the war led to further expansion of the public sphere as the literary underground mobilized to change the direction of the Restoration settlement. The first section on Ralph Wallis argues that in his final pamphlet, Room for the Cobler of Gloucester, Wallis contributed to an under-explored radical movement which rejected the king's authority in religious matters. The section ends with a discussion of Wallis's contribution to a resurgent form of Levellerism. The second section on Marvell surveys his work alongside Lord Wharton to frustrate the renewal of religious Uniformity, arguing that Marvell was behind a printed publication of his anti-war satires in the spring of 1668. The eventual renewal of Uniformity alienated Marvell from the government and his profound disenchantment at the end of the decade is used as a context for a new reading of ‘The Garden’.

Keywords: Wallis; Marvell; The Garden; Second Conventicle Act; Levellerism; Lord Wharton; public sphere

Chapter.  15605 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800)

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