Stephen Bardle

in The Literary Underground in the 1660s

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199660858
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191749001 | DOI:

Series: Oxford English Monographs


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The Conclusion summarizes the findings of the book by revisiting the academic controversy over the use of public-sphere theory in relation to the seventeenth century. In the 1660s a small yet vibrant public sphere was kept alive by the enforcement of an unpopular and narrow religious settlement. It is argued that the evident demand for underground works in the 1660s supports the validity of Pincus and Lake's religion-centric revisions to Habermas's public-sphere theory, giving it new life as a tool of historical analysis for the period. The book ends by surveying the legacies of Marvell, Wither, and Wallis in the period leading up to 1688, when the works of all three writers were used to support varying degrees of political reformation in the build-up to the Glorious Revolution.

Keywords: public sphere; Pincus; Lake; Marvell; Wither; Wallis; the Glorious Revolution

Chapter.  3687 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800)

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