Chapter

Fiscal Policy and Regional Integration, 1945–1963

Leigh A. Gardner

in Taxing Colonial Africa

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199661527
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744877 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661527.003.0008

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Fiscal Policy and Regional Integration, 1945–1963

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Proposals for regional integration in Central and East Africa gained support after World War Two as commodity price volatility and the financial impact of nationalist conflicts like the Mau Mau Emergency in Kenya revealed the continued fragility of colonial fiscal systems, even after substantial gains in revenue during the war. This chapter examines the fiscal motivations for the establishment of the short-lived Central African Federation and joint services schemes in East Africa. Many, though not all, observers in London and colonial capitals felt that regional integration would provide a foundation for the diversification of colonial economies and create more financially stable entities better able to cope with the transfer of power. Political opposition to such schemes, often seen to serve settler interests, led to their demise before their fiscal benefits could be assessed.

Keywords: regional integration; Mau Mau Emergency; Central African Federation; development; fiscal instability; East Africa

Chapter.  13050 words.  Illustrated.

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