Conclusion and a Glimpse into the Future

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199661664
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191751653 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Conclusion and a Glimpse into the Future

Show Summary Details


This postscript begins with an overview of further developments in the 1780s, among them the complex combination of innatism with naturalism, Frederick the Great's essay on German language and literature, and the 1784 contest on the universality of French. The chapter concludes with a re-assessment of the role of German thinkers in the eighteenth-century Republic of Letters. It argues for the close reconstruction of intellectual debates and contexts instead of their examination through national perspectives, as in Isaiah Berlin's ‘Counter-Enlightenment’ thesis.

Keywords: Berlin Academy; Frederick II of Prussia; French; German; innatism; naturalism; enlightenment; counter-enlightenment

Chapter.  3293 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.