Interactive Dualism

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199662562
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191748394 | DOI:
Interactive Dualism

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Brain events often cause mental events, and mental events often cause brain events. Despite Wegner and Libet no scientific work does or could show that mental events do not cause brain events. This is because it would need evidence about when the mental events occur, and unless mental events cause brain events it could not have that evidence. It follows that there cannot be a well-justified deterministic theory of the brain as a closed physical system. There follows an analysis of the extent to which quantum theory allows for indeterminism in the brain.

Keywords: Libet; quantum theory; Wegner; indeterminism; closed physical system

Chapter.  14678 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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