Equal Pay in the Office

Francine D. Blau

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199665853
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745805 | DOI:

Series: IZA Prize in Labor Economics

Equal Pay in the Office

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This chapter is concerned with the relationship of differences in the distribution of men and women office workers among firms to the male-female pay differential within narrowly defined occupational categories. Evidence is presented for sex segregation by firm within occupational categories, which is found to be an important factor in the sex differential in earnings. Earnings differentials by sex within occupations are primarily the result of differences in pay rates among firms rather than differences in pay rates within firms. When occupations are examined jointly to form a picture of establishment wage and employment patterns, it is found that there exists a wage hierarchy of firms within each labour market that is consistent across occupational categories and sex groups, and that the wage standing of the firm is inversely related to the representation of women in the establishment.

Keywords: gender pay gap; occupational segregation; discrimination; sex differential; pay rates

Chapter.  21424 words. 

Subjects: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics

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