Chapter

Two Finales: How the End of the Third World and the End of the Cold War Are Linked

Odd Arne Westad

in International Relations Since the End of the Cold War

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199666430
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745607 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666430.003.0008
Two Finales: How the End of the Third World and the End of the Cold War Are Linked

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The concept of the Third World as a political project came to an end roughly at the same time as the Cold War ended. This chapter explores the connection between these two endings, and suggests that economic and ideological change was at the core of both of them.  As the global capitalist market expanded, more and more of the countries that had chosen non-capitalist forms of development came under pressure to join the world economy.  In the end, this also happened to the Soviet Union, after the defection of China from centralised, planned ideals for the economy had made it clear that the market, not the plan, was predominant on a global scale.

Keywords: Third World; Cold War; East Asia; Africa; anti-colonialism

Chapter.  7567 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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