Islamic Resistance in the Dutch Colonial Empire

Gerrit Knaap

in Islam and the European Empires

Published in print September 2014 | ISBN: 9780199668311
Published online November 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191757723 | DOI:

Series: The Past & Present Book Series

Islamic Resistance in the Dutch Colonial Empire

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  • History of Religion
  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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The colonial presence of the Netherlands in Southeast Asia started in 1605 with the take-over of Amboyna and ended in 1962 with the transfer of power of West New Guinea, preceding the definitive take-over by Indonesia. The chapter shows the development of anti-colonial Islamic resistance in the Netherlands Indies, nowadays Indonesia, against the background of a gradually changing Islam, from traditional heterodox to modern orthodox, as well as Dutch attempts to downplay the ‘sharp edges’ of the conflict between ‘believers’ and ‘non-believers’. Throughout the period, resistance took three forms or ‘stages’: the one of Islamic rulers and states; Islamic rebels inside vassal states and directly ruled areas; Islamic organizations in the broader framework of Indonesian nationalism.

Keywords: Netherlands; Dutch; Asia; Islam; Muslim; empire; religion; anti-imperialism; anti-colonialism; jihad

Chapter.  7725 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Religion ; Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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