Canada <i>The Competition Law System and the Country’s Norms</i>

Edward Lacobucci and Michael Trebilcock

in The Design of Competition Law Institutions

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199670048
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744341 | DOI:

Series: Law And Global Governance

Canada The Competition Law System and the Country’s Norms

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This chapter discusses the history, institutional structure, mandate, procedural characteristics, and agency performance of Canada's competition law system. The Competition Bureau is charged with investigating the wide range of civilly reviewable practices recognized in the Competition Act 1986, that is, refusals to deal, resale price maintenance, exclusive dealing, tying, exclusive territories, abuse of dominance, and mergers. The Bureau may negotiate settlements, often in the form of consent agreements which assume the force of a court order by their mere registration with the Competition Tribunal created under the 1986 legislation. The Tribunal comprises judges from the Federal Court Trial Division and lay members. Contested civil matters are heard before the Tribunal, which may issue cease-and-desist orders and under recent amendments impose administrative monetary penalties for abuse of dominance.

Keywords: Competition Bureau; refusals to deal; resale price maintenance; exclusive dealing; tying; exclusive territories; abuse of dominance; mergers; Canada

Chapter.  19169 words. 

Subjects: Competition Law

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