Chapter

Blending

D. Gary Miller

in English Lexicogenesis

Published in print February 2014 | ISBN: 9780199689880
Published online April 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191770371 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689880.003.0012
Blending

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In this chapter it is argued that the input constituents are selected and sequenced for pragmatic, extralinguistic, and in some cases sound-symbolic reasons, all with a view to compositional transparency of the output, which is prosodically constrained. The majority of blends can be derived by several templates. For monosyllabic and disyllabic inputs the output is normally a word of one metrical foot. For longer input words, choices exist among several two-foot types. This is one reason why different people create different blends from the same input words. Outputs are determined by prosodic wellformedness constraints and, barring choices, the output that satisfies the most constraints is preferred.

Keywords: blending; compounding; metrical foot; portmanteau; sound symbolism; splinter; truncation

Chapter.  7452 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology ; Linguistics

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