This chapter investigates the coupling of a two-level system to a nonlinear resonator, one of the simplest extensions to the well-known Jaynes–Cummings model. In the experiment, the two-level system is a superconducting transmon qubit, and the resonator is a coplanar resonator with a Kerr nonlinearity induced by a Josephson junction. Effects arising from the resonator nonlinearity (bistability, parametric amplification, squeezing) qualitatively modify the dispersive qubit-resonator coupling. This makes it possible to design a qubit readout which has both a high fidelity and the potential of being QND. Motivated by fundamental and practical issues concerning the quantum limit of such a measurement, the chapter also studies spectroscopically the quantum back action exerted by the intraresonator field onto the qubit. Qualitative agreement is obtained with analytical results and quantitative agreement with numerical simulations.
Keywords: nonlinear dynamics; quantum fluctuations; superconducting devices; quantum information
Chapter. 15977 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Mathematical and Statistical Physics
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