Chapter

Conclusions: Careers from the Manhattan Project to Fukushima

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199692118
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191740732 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0009
Conclusions: Careers from the Manhattan Project to Fukushima

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The Anglo-Saxon atom experts, born during wartime secrecy, have always been contentious. The viability of the early ad hoc specialists was disputed; in secure post-war environments, their growing expertise was hidden between the lines of promotional press releases and the archived reports of government and industry. And—less secure and vocal than their cousins, the atomic scientists—they were represented second-hand by their employers and via their contentious products. Constructing a stable identity proved to be a perennial battle. This chapter compares the experiences of nuclear engineers in the USA, UK, and Canada over their first seven decades, focusing on how identities were shaped in distinct political, occupational, and disciplinary environments. It links this work to sociology of the professions, to history of technology, and to cultural history.

Keywords: jurisdiction; occupation; discipline; profession; disputes; international history; history of technology; sociology of the professions; engineers; scientists; nuclear history

Chapter.  4763 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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