Chapter

Summary and conclusions

Paul Mosley

in The Politics of Poverty Reduction

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199692125
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739286 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692125.003.0008
Summary and conclusions

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Global poverty has halved over the last twenty years, an occurrence which, in all probability, has never happened before. Contrary to the ‘iron law of political impotence of the poor’ invoked by some commentators, the political leverage of the poor has shown a long-term increase in some countries. In others, however, the poor remain socially and financially excluded, both because governments have not seen the merits of involving them, or because of failures in implementation, or because underlying political instabilities and conflicts have not been overcome. Especially in the richer developing countries, the successful pro-poor strategies involve a marked trend towards the increase of state power and an increase in the share of GDP. Also important, however, have been processes of institutional learning operating completely outside the state and often dependent on NGOs. Further progress in poverty reduction, for example into the ‘large landlocked’ poor countries and regions of Africa and Asia, depends on such South-South learning processes being multiplied and speeded up.

Keywords: global poverty trends; role of the state

Chapter.  4121 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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