Introduction: The Finnish model of innovation and welfare

Reijo Miettinen

in Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199692613
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191750762 | DOI:
Introduction: The Finnish model of innovation and welfare

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The Nordic welfare states have been at top of the lists of national competiveness and innovativeness in the 2000s. The reasons for this include universal public services, high-level of education of the workforce, high-level of generalized trust that enhance economic interaction across boundaries, strong tradition of local governance as well as a large-scale participation in civic associations. An enabling welfare state can be regarded as the following stage in the development of the Nordic welfare state. It extends and develops further the capability cultivating public services created by the welfare state. It reformulates the idea of a virtuous cycle between equality, welfare, and economic development. It provides a viable alternative to the liberal models of policy making based on the introduction of markets and competition to the provision of basic services.

Keywords: Nordic welfare states; universal public services; national competitiveness; innovation; markets; competition; equality; welfare; economic development

Chapter.  5273 words. 

Subjects: Innovation

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