Chapter

NIS in innovation and technology policy research

Reijo Miettinen

in Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199692613
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191750762 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.003.0003
NIS in innovation and technology policy research

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Chapter 3 analyzes the emergence and development of the concept of a national innovation system in innovation studies and in technology policy making. The concept was introduced in the late 1980s by the evolutionary economists of innovation to explain the differences in the rate of technological development and economic growth between nations. The other source of NIS comes from the idea of interactive learning, which was found to be important in the study of the national specificities of the small economies in the Nordic countries. The NIS approach, however, is poorly connected to general or dynamic systems thinking and it is controversial as to whether it is able to provide an alternative to market failure theory that has served as a key foundation for science and technology policymaking.

Keywords: national innovation system; evolutionary economics of innovations; interactive learning; systems thinking

Chapter.  7826 words. 

Subjects: Innovation

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