Chapter

The adoption of NIS in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s

Reijo Miettinen

in Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199692613
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191750762 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.003.0004
The adoption of NIS in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s

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Chapter 4 analyzes the adoption and use of the national innovation system approach in the Finnish science and technology policy of the 1990s and 2000s. The term was used to create a consensus around a national goal of competitiveness through systematic development of the Finnish national innovation system. The new innovation policy, however, did not introduce novel policy institutions and practices. Rather it reproduced and developed further the instruments created by the industrial, science, and technology policies of the previous decades. In the 2000s the turn to social innovation, the extension of innovation into public services as well as the introduction of a broad-based concept innovation made innovation almost a synonym of the political, social and cultural development of society. This extension, on the other hand, made the limitations of the economist, firm-centred national innovation system approach visible.

Keywords: consensus; social innovation; broad-based innovation; Finland; public services

Chapter.  7880 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Innovation

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