Chapter

Norms, Conventions, and Institutions to Cope With Climate Change

Tom Schelling

in Climate Change and Common Sense

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199692873
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738371 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692873.003.0002
Norms, Conventions, and Institutions to Cope With Climate Change

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At least two sorts of institutions, beyond the high‐profile international agreements limiting greenhouse gas emissions, are going to be needed to manage climate change. One is solar radiation management, a form of ‘geo‐engineering’ that would offset the build‐up of greenhouse gases by reflecting more sunlight before it warms the atmosphere. No international organizations have jurisdiction over research or implementation of solar radiation management. And that's been a good thing: what's needed are informal norms and conventions rather than formal regulatory agencies. The other is an incentive structure for developing countries—notably China and India—to participate in emissions reduction efforts that are not in their direct economic interest. This would necessarily include institutions soliciting aid from rich countries, organizing the distribution of aid to countries willing commit to specific emissions‐reduction projects, and holding aid recipients accountable for their use of the aid.

Keywords: climate change; geo‐engineering; aid; international agreements

Chapter.  4021 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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