Chapter

The syntax and semantics of inchoatives as directed motion: The case of Korean*

Dongsik Lim and Maria‐Luisa Zubizarreta

in Telicity, Change, and State

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199693498
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741715 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693498.003.0009

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

The syntax and semantics of inchoatives as directed motion: The case of Korean*

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This chapter investigates Korean aspectual auxiliary -eci “become” in terms of the directed motion construction. First it discusses cases where -eci combines with adjectives and derives deadjectival inchoatives, and claim that -eci deadjectival inchoatives contain semantic components of comparatives. This chapter argues that -eci is a spellout of the verbal head v of the directed motion construction, which takes a gradable adjective with a component of comparative as its path argument. This chapter shows that our analysis can account for various characteristics of -eci deadjectival inchoatives, including their parallel behaviour with directed motion constructions headed by -ka/-o ‘come/go’, and their variable telicity. This chapter extends our analysis to cases in which -eci combines with verbal predicates, thus proposing an unified analysis of -eci in terms of directed motion. Finally, the chapter discusses recent analysis of Spanish inchoative se as a case of directed motion, compare it to Korean inchoative -eci, and point to some cross-linguistic differences that still remain to be elucidated.

Keywords: -eci; directed motion construction; measure phrase; comparative construction; gradable adjective; verb of change of state; verb of creation; verb of transfer; verb of change of location; Spanish se

Chapter.  14021 words. 

Subjects: Semantics

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