Surrender in Ancient Rome

Loretana de Libero

in How Fighting Ends

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199693627
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741258 | DOI:
Surrender in Ancient Rome

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This chapter deals with the moment of surrender between the Romans and their enemies in the last two centuries B.C. It raises the question of why and when they stopped fighting, and how surrender was brought about. Moreover, it will work out motivations, expectations, and emotions of the individual soldiers as well as of their commanders, which finally led to their giving in — or not giving in. Based on case studies like the famous ‘Mancinus affair’ not only the fates of defeated generals, towns or peoples are to be analysed but also Roman values and legal procedures, especially, the practice and consequences of deditio, an act of surrender, which in itself is unconditional.

Keywords: deditio; ius belli atquepacis; amicitia; foedus; sponsio; fides; mancinusaffair; Caudine Forks; Yoke; tabula Alcantarensis

Chapter.  6035 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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