Chapter

The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199694341
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738401 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0003
The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

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The Liberation of Belgium by Allied troops in September was rapid and relatively bloodless. But it served as the prelude to a prolonged crisis of political power. The new government headed by Hubert Pierlot failed to establish its authority, and was increasingly challenged by the Communists and their Resistance allies, culminating in the March on Brussels on 25 November 1944. The Allied authorities, and the British in particular, assumed an increasingly central role in the governance of the country, as material conditions declined and the continuing threat from Nazi Germany was manifested by the Ardennes Offensive in December 1944. In the background, the problem of the conflict between the King and the political elite remained unresolved.

Keywords: Belgium; liberation; Allied powers; Ardennes Offensive; Communist Party; Leopold III; Hubert Pierlot; strikes; demonstrations

Chapter.  36886 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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