Chapter

The Reconstruction of the Belgian Nation-State and Post-War Elections, Summer 1945–February 1946

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199694341
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738401 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0006
The Reconstruction of the Belgian Nation-State and Post-War Elections, Summer 1945–February 1946

Show Summary Details

Preview

The Belgian nation-state gradually recovered its prestige and institutional authority during the final months of 1945. This was both an institutional process, and a manifestation of the reserves of Belgian patriotism which had been generated by the war. This new Belgian patriotism was less monarchist, and focused especially on the sense of a common historical heritage of a Belgian people who were defined as diverse in character but united in a common spirit. In contrast, Flemish nationalism emerged much weakened from the war as a consequence of its association with pro-German collaboration, while the Walloon movement in southern Belgium failed to build on its initial basis of support in 1945. Political life recovered its familiar character, culminating in the belated holding of elections in February 1946, but the conflict between the King and the government remained obstinately unresolved.

Keywords: Belgium; politics; nationalism; Flemish movement; Walloon movement; regionalism; Leopold III; elections

Chapter.  25160 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.