The Death of Belgium

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199694341
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738401 | DOI:
The Death of Belgium

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


Show Summary Details


The reconstruction of Belgium achieved in 1947 established the basis of the post-war political order, dominated by the Catholic and Socialist parties and by a centralized state and parliamentary culture. Rapid economic change in the 1950s and 1960s undermined, however, the basis of this political order, leading to the development of Flemish and subsequently Walloon political movements, which challenged the ascendancy of the principal political parties. In the end, however, these regional pressures caused the division of the principal parties into linguistically defined regional parties, which from the end of the 1960s onwards led to a top-down erosion of the structures and loyalties of the former Belgian nation-state. Federalization in the 1980s provided only a temporary stabilization of this process.

Keywords: Belgium; Cold War; monarchy; nationalism; Flemish movement; Walloon movement; federalism; European integration

Chapter.  11923 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.