Chapter

Prevention: The Runners in Retreat, 1815–1839

J. M. Beattie

in The First English Detectives

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199695164
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738746 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695164.003.0008
Prevention: The Runners in Retreat, 1815–1839

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This chapter has two subjects. The first is the strong increase in criminal prosecutions after the conclusion of the war in 1815 and the extent to which the runners became involved in its prosecution. Most of the chapter is concerned with the related matter of ideas and plans to reform the police as offences increased both in the metropolis itself and now in the rural parishes on its borders. The outcome was Robert Peel’s Metropolitan Police act of 1829 which represented a fundamental reconstruction of the bases upon which policing had rested. The creation of the New Police had implications for the runners, but it was the removal of the administrative authority of the magistrates at Bow Street and the other Police Offices that brought their disbandment in 1839.

Keywords: prevention; reform; suburbs; Peel; New Police; magistrates; disbandment

Chapter.  29412 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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