The ultimate reality

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199695270
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731945 | DOI:
The ultimate reality

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Like most religions, Christianity begins with claims about ultimate reality. Although many have tried to invalidate all questions of ultimacy, it turns out to be difficult to dismiss such questions without making versions of the very claims one is trying to dismiss. Biology after Darwin does not support the contention that the origin of human mind must be mind-like, but the “anthropic principle” in physics does point in this direction. Recent “multiverse” theories do not undercut but actually support the conclusion that the ultimate reality may be mind-like, and indeed even agent-like. The chapter speculates on what might impel an ultimate reality to create finite beings and how that reality might be related to human values.

Keywords: ultimate reality; biology; Darwinian evolution; anthropic principle; multiverse theory; creation; divine agent; divine lure

Chapter.  8553 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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