Chapter

The plurality of religions

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199695270
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731945 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0004
The plurality of religions

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The previous chapters have shown that “minimally personalistic theism” (MPT) is a consistent position; indeed, MPT may be rationally superior to its competitors. But such a view is too “thin” to support religious life and practice. The next stage is to ask where, if anywhere, in human history one finds signs of the presence and activity of the God described by MPT. Here, however, the problem of religious plurality arises: rational arguments alone are insufficient to select among the many competing accounts. Personal or subjective factors may incline a given person to explore and evaluate one particular religious tradition. But even if other religions are not live options for her, this does not mean that she can rationally refute them. Important consequences follow for the nature of individual religious belief and for the self-conceptions of Christians in particular.

Keywords: theism; personal God; religious plurality; pluralism; Abrahamic faiths; relativism; apologetics; religious practice

Chapter.  4046 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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