Chapter

Doubt and belief

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199695270
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731945 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0007
Doubt and belief

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This chapter explores the relation between a person’s religious beliefs and the various kinds of reasons she may have for holding them. It distinguishes six degrees or levels of rational justification for religious belief, ranging from cases where an agent’s belief is endorsed by the relevant community of experts (RCE), to cases where she has reason to doubt that her reasons for belief are good reasons even for her, to cases where she regards the claim in question as a suggestive symbol or metaphor. This typology of epistemic levels is then applied to the claims advanced in earlier chapters. The chapter concludes with an application of this approach to two additional Christian beliefs: the Trinity and the participation of believers (and perhaps others as well) in Jesus’ resurrection.

Keywords: doubt; epistemology,religious beliefs; reasons; rational justification; epistemic levels; community of experts; Trinity; resurrection

Chapter.  10487 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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