Chapter

The Body of Life

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199695676
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738616 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0005
The Body of Life

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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Women were stereotyped by the Nazis as by ‘nature’ wives, housekeepers, and mothers. Nazi pro-natalism thus had a greater effect on women than on men. Women were also disproportionately affected by Nazi anti-natalism in the form of sterilization, forced abortion, and ‘euthanasia’. The Nazi regime inveighed against the modern women of bourgeois indulgence, consumerism, and fashion, but the SS in particular advocated procreation outside of marriage for demographic purposes. Yet the Nazis were constrained to tolerate and even encourage consumption for purposes of public morale and employment of women as labourers and professionals for purposes of rearmament and war. Women suffered from wartime deprivation and destruction and to the resultant illnesses and injuries were added gender-specific sufferings from prostitution, rape, and abortion.

Keywords: women; motherhood; natalism; sexuality; labour; professions; abortion; prostitution; venereal disease; rape

Chapter.  11790 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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