Chapter

The State of War

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199695676
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738616 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0008
The State of War

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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The rigours of war intensified not only patriotism but further retreat into private concern for the well-being of self and body. Plunder from occupied Europe compensated for some shortages inside Germany, but health in the Reich declined during the war years due to direct and indirect effects of the war. Health care was based on utility rather than need. Medical care became an arena of control over the productive capacities of the population and individual and corporate search for resources, relief, and advantage. Inside Germany illness, including epidemics, spread due to air raids, the poor health and working conditions of foreign labourers, and displacement of large numbers of civilians. Doctors, drafted in large numbers into the armed forces, were in short supply on the home front. Millions of German soldiers became physical and mental casualties. Heightened fear and suffering contributed to even greater German military brutality against foreign civilians and enemy soldiers.

Keywords: self and war; utility and health; epidemics; foreign workers; physicians; air raids; soldiers; casualties; brutalization

Chapter.  27420 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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