Chapter

The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe

Noreen Burrows and Muriel Robison

in From Single Market to Economic Union

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199695706
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741302 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.003.0011
The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe

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This chapter analyzes the ‘motherhood penalty’, which can be traced to developments in work patterns and in attitudes to working women. It studies the interpretation of the provisions about the level of payment found in the Pregnant Workers Directive, which may have contributed to the current gender pay gap. It also compares the ambition-gap between the objectives of economic union and the structures that are formed for its delivery. This chapter also notes that the level of pay female workers might expect under various scenarios during and after pregnancy is still not completely clear.

Keywords: motherhood penalty; work patterns; working women; level of payment; Pregnant Workers Directive; gender pay gap; ambition-gap; economic union

Chapter.  10342 words. 

Subjects: EU Law

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