Chapter

Testamentary Formalities in Scotland

Kenneth G C Reid

in Comparative Succession Law

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199696802
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732065 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696802.003.0017
Testamentary Formalities in Scotland

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There are no separate rules of testamentary formality in Scottish law, and wills are solemnised in the same way as other juridical acts for which writing is required. The reason is historical. Until 1868 it was not possible to make a will in respect of immoveable property, and heirs could only be disinherited by a deed which had at least the appearance of an inter vivos conveyance. In practice, such conveyances tended to be used for moveable property as well although a will was competent. The result was that wills were little used until the second half of the nineteenth century, by which time it was too late to develop distinctive rules of execution. This chapter examines the history of testamentary formalities in Scotland, considers the influences, internal and external, on the development of the law, and evaluates the role played by legal policy.

Keywords: Scottish law; testamentary formalities; history; wills; deeds; execution

Chapter.  15655 words. 

Subjects: Company and Commercial Law

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