Chapter

Against logical form

Zoltán Gendler Szabó

in Donald Davidson on Truth, Meaning, and the Mental

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199697519
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742316 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697519.003.0005
Against logical form

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According to the traditional doctrine of logical form, sentences have an underlying structure which lays bare their inferential profiles. Logical form is supposed to be inherent in the sentence (not ascribed to it as a result of formalization), and it is supposed to capture its logical (not merely syntactic or semantic) features. This chapter argues against the existence of logical form in this sense by casting doubt on the coherence of the idea that certain inferences are valid solely in virtue of their form. And while the idea that some inferences are valid in virtue of their form and facts of logic is perfectly coherent, these inferences are arguably unavailable in natural languages. Moreover, appeal to semantic competence is no help, because logical competence is distinct from our knowledge of language. The upshot of the argument is that we should abandon the Davidsonian hope that an adequate compositional semantics could explain why logical validities are valid, or how we know that they are.

Keywords: analyticity; Davidson; definition; inference; linguistic competence; logic; logical form; semantics

Chapter.  12291 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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