Chapter

The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199697533
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738470 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0003
The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology

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In Chapter 3, Alvin Plantinga’s reformed objection to natural theology is explained, according to which ‘the full panoply of Christian beliefs’ may be ‘properly basic’ if God exists. On his Extended Aquinas/Calvin model, believers may have warrant in the basic way for their Christian beliefs, so that they do not need to justify these beliefs by evidence or arguments. Consequently, one cannot accuse religious believers of irrationality when they do not support their beliefs by arguments (the de jure objection), unless one first shows that God does not exist (the de facto objection). However, because the A/C model is plausible only if God exists, the soothing power of the reformed objection is limited to unwavering believers.

Keywords: Evidentialist challenge; Alvin Plantinga; Basic beliefs; classical foundationalism; warrant; proper function; knowledge; the Aquinas–Calvin model; De jure objection; De facto objection; Sensus divinitatis; Holy Spirit; Original sin

Chapter.  7054 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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